Right Intention is the second spoke on the wheel of the Noble Eightfold Path, and it makes up the concept of Prajna in Buddhism together with Right View. These two spokes form the foundation of Buddhist thought; once you have an accurate understanding of reality and have decided that you’re going to try your best to do what’s right according to that understanding, you’re ready to move on to acting on what you understand.
Right Intention has also been called “Right Resolve,” because it represents that step where you’ve gained this knowledge and resolve to act on it and incorporate it into our daily lives. We take what we’ve learned about ourselves, other people and everything else and aspire to use those lessons to make ourselves better. It’s a commitment to align your life to principles you’ve adopted. But, as you grow in wisdom and knowledge, it’s often necessary to review your views and adjust your behavior accordingly. This is a lifelong process; refinements will always happen.
This has been a huge part of the practice for me, because making sure I have the right intention essentially forces me to be mindful of my words and actions — especially with matters of great importance. When I stepped into the social justice sphere two years ago, I wanted to make absolutely sure that I knew what my intentions were whenever I engaged with someone who didn’t agree with me. Was I trying to understand them better so we could seek commonality? Was I trying to persuade them towards my point of view? Was I trying to make them feel bad about themselves or look bad in front of other people? Figuring out my intentions helps me to frame my argument towards that purpose. And knowing that people are essentially afraid, all the time, and that fear puts you in a space you feel you need to defend at all costs, a lot of the work I try to do is addressing that underlying fear inherent in uncompassionate ideas and behavior.
I believe that intention matters, and if you have really thought about your intentions then you’ll naturally follow that up with careful and considered language and action. It’s one of the reasons why careless, reckless behavior drives me so crazy. It points right back — to me, at least — to an ignorance of your true intentions or worse, willful disregard for the effects of your behavior on other people. In a world where all we have are our words (especially the Internet), choosing them carefully is one of the most fundamental things we can do to make our communities better and more harmonious.
But I’m getting ahead of myself a bit. One of my favorite sutras is the Metta Sutra, a Theravedan text that’s often chanted by monks. (At least, so I hear.) It’s one of those things that I use to bring my focus back to my intention with all interactions. When I get overwhelmed and anxious, I can often lash out at people who are asking for my attention. I get really whingy about all the things that I have to do when I feel like it’s too much; and I can always tell when I’ve lost perspective when I start in on a rant and people just go glassy-eyed.
So, here’s the Metta Sutra. Just reading it over, I’m again struck by how wonderful it is. It really is one of those things I’ve tried very hard to work towards:
This is to be done by one skilled in aims
who wants to break through to the state of peace:
Be capable, upright, & straightforward,
easy to instruct, gentle, & not conceited,
content & easy to support,
with few duties, living lightly,
with peaceful faculties, masterful,
modest, & no greed for supporters.
Do not do the slightest thing
that the wise would later censure.
Think: Happy, at rest,
may all beings be happy at heart.
Whatever beings there may be,
weak or strong, without exception,
seen & unseen,
near & far,
born & seeking birth:
May all beings be happy at heart.
Let no one deceive another
or despise anyone anywhere,
or through anger or irritation
wish for another to suffer.
As a mother would risk her life
to protect her child, her only child,
even so should one cultivate a limitless heart
with regard to all beings.
With good will for the entire cosmos,
cultivate a limitless heart:
Above, below, & all around,
unobstructed, without enmity or hate.
Whether standing, walking,
sitting, or lying down,
as long as one is alert,
one should be resolved on this mindfulness.
This is called a sublime abiding
here & now.
Not taken with views,
but virtuous & consummate in vision,
having subdued desire for sensual pleasures,
one never again
will lie in the womb.